As a historian, you’ll study, interpret and write about the past. You'll also investigate relevant documents, artifacts and sources to develop clearer pictures about how civilizations and cultures have evolved over time. Additionally, you'll use your abilities and detail-oriented perspective to uncover what may have influenced important moments in history. This could include anything from the formation of hunter-gatherer communities to the creation of global partnerships in the modern era. This occupation suits those interested in learning about key episodes in human history. It's also a good fit for those interested in teaching the public about prominent figures, occurrences and accomplishments that have shaped the modern world.
What do historians do?
“A historian is someone who interrogates the past, someone who asks questions about how things got to where they are,” says Dr. Peter Van Cleave, clinical assistant professor of history and director of online programs at ASU’s School of Historical, Philosophical and Religious Studies.
Historians work in a range of settings that provide career advancement and personal development opportunities. For example, some experts compile their research into nonfiction books or documentaries. Others create educational programs on behalf of a cultural heritage institution. A historian’s job outlook is often tied to their area of study and their ability to engage a target audience. This means that effective communication is essential to their long-term success. This profession requires reading and writing skills, an aptitude for independent research and the ability to distill complex subjects into informative and engaging materials. Historians also work with colleagues and contacts to gain access to historical documents that may not be available to the public.
Historians often investigate historical documents, analyze artifacts and read scholarly articles. However, their daily responsibilities tend to fluctuate based on their employers’ needs. For example, professionals who work at historical societies may create resources for public outreach campaigns. They may also promote fundraising events. Many careers in history involve deep research and careful examination of accepted narratives. Yet, historians must also develop their own interpretations and support their claims with evidence. They communicate their ideas using books, videos, websites, interactive exhibits and more. Historian’s day-to-day tasks may include:
- Collecting information from historical sources from archives, libraries and museums.
- Designing educational programs and presentations to engage the public.
- Evaluating relevant information to verify authenticity and significance.
- Providing direct guidance to third parties on historical topics.
- Writing detailed reports, articles and press releases on new discoveries.
Although historians tend to work in self-directed environments, they need to effectively collaborate with colleagues and representatives of historical institutions. That's because some material sources can only be accessed through museums or private archives.
Established experts regularly peer review manuscripts written by other professionals. They may also attend speaking events on subjects they have extensively studied. Researching historian career information can help you learn more about your options.
What skills does a historian need?
Historians generally possess certain core traits that help them advance their careers in history. These include research proficiency and the ability to develop unique interpretations. One of the primary goals of this occupation is to build upon public knowledge of historical events. This often requires professionals to create profiles of notable people, places, ideas and interactions that can be easily understood. This process usually calls for advanced writing abilities and verbal communication. However, it’s important to consider the other unique qualities that contribute to a historian’s long-term success, such as:
- Attention to detail: Historians are accountable for the accuracy and relevance of their interpretations. This is why many focus on improving their reading comprehension skills. Every claim must be appropriately sourced and backed up by evidence before a historian’s work is accepted by other experts in the field.
- Collaboration: Historians often work alongside other experts who have competing interpretations. This can make it difficult to come to a consensus about historical events. Professionals need to recognize and appreciate the value of diverse experiences and perspectives. This creates an ideal environment for problem solving and innovation.
- Critical thinking: When new ideas challenge existing interpretations, historians must use logic and reason to reconcile the discrepancies. Then, they must revise their conclusions. Part of the job is deciphering complex interrelationships and working out how the past directly affects the present.
- Quantitative literacy: To put together a historically accurate narrative, you need to identify meaningful connections between different sources. Many of these sources often have divergent perspectives on the same topic. While most guides to historian career information mention literacy as a core trait, professionals in this field must also leverage systematic methods of analysis during their studies.