The issue of gender representation in scientific fields is a hotly contested topic. In general, internal and external bias, as well as cultural factors, contribute to the list of reasons why there are fewer women in STEM.
A 2019 study published in Science of Learning found that boys and girls use similar neural processes while engaged with mathematical concepts. This research indicates that biological differences may have less of an impact on the participation of women in STEM than some people have previously argued.
Unfortunately, girls are often given the impression that science, math and related disciplines are for boys. This notion can be transferred to impressionable children in ways that are both implicit and explicit.
For women who do go on to select careers in STEM, they are too frequently met with environments that exclude them, and they often encounter the same negative stereotypes they grew up with.
It’s important that we celebrate the successes of innovative women in STEM to change our cultural expectations of what a scientist looks like and encourage boys and girls, as well as men and women, to understand that anybody can be a leader in this important field.